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Washington State University
College of Arts and Sciences Department of Psychology

Research Labs

Principle InvestigatorLabSummary
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Youth Personality and Behavior Lab


Chris Barry
chris.barry@wsu.edu
Our research team, conducts studies dealing broadly with risk and protective factors related to child and adolescent behavioral problems. More specifically, we have focused on self-perception (e.g., narcissism, self-esteem) and callous-unemotional traits as they relate to various aspects of youth adjustment, particularly aggression and delinquency. Additional projects involve evidence-based assessment of child/adolescent conduct problems and the role of self-perception on social media behavior. The latter has included how individuals perceive narcissistic status updates from others and the association between narcissism and self-photography (i.e., “selfie”) posts on social media.
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Child Externalizing Behaviors Lab


Tammy Barry
tammy.barry@wsu.edu
The Child Externalizing Behaviors Lab conducts research on biologically-based and contextual correlates of child externalizing behaviors, including ADHD, aggression, and disruptive behaviors associated with autism. Factors examined in our research include neuropsychological functioning/endophenotypes, child temperament, parental psychopathology/stress, parenting practices, SES/neighborhood characteristics, and individual difference factors (e.g., narcissism and psychopathy), among other variables. Our research also focuses on the measurement and latent structure of externalizing behavior disorders, such as ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder.
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Political Interaction Lab


Francis Benjamin
and Lisa Fournier
benjamin@wsu.edu
The Political Interaction Lab focuses on the political engagement of individuals. Of particular interest is the motivation and interaction of individuals and their effect on the political process.
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Cognitive Disengagement Syndrome (Sluggish Cognitive Tempo) and Child Psychopathology Lab


G. Leonard Burns
glburns@wsu.edu
I am currently using latent variable modeling procedures (e.g., confirmatory factor analysis, structural regression analysis, latent growth analysis, item response theory) to study ADHD, Cognitive Disengagement Syndrome (Sluggish Cognitive Tempo), and ODD within and across countries.

Building Opportunities for Learning (BOLD) Lab & Development


Elizabeth Canning
elizabeth.canning@wsu.edu
In the BOLD (Building Opportunities for Learning & Development) lab, we use experimental methods to understand the subtle interpersonal and organizational messages that perpetuate bias and inequality. We specifically focus on subtle messages about belonging, value, talent, and ability that are communicated by institutions, employers, instructors, and peers. We use social-psychological theory to design and implement field-based interventions that address important social inequalities, such as racial and social-class achievement gaps.
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Psychopharmacology Lab


Rebecca M. Craft
craft@wsu.edu
Psychoactive drugs are widely used, both therapeutically and recreationally, throughout the world. Much of the basic pharmacology of these drugs has been elucidated over the past few decades; however, until recently nearly all drug research – indeed, nearly all biomedical research – was conducted only in male subjects (e.g., male mice, male rats, male monkeys, male humans). Increasing evidence indicates that “reproductive hormones” such as estrogens have multiple effects on nervous system function that are not directly tied to reproductive processes. Thus, “male” and “female” biology per se can predispose an organism to experience drugs differently. Using animal models, the broad research goals of the Craft laboratory are to determine how gonadal steroid hormones such as testosterone and estradiol modulate pain, mood, and the therapeutic and side-effects of psychoactive drugs such as opioids and cannabinoids. The clinical applications of this work are (1) the development of sex-specific guidelines for use of psychotherapeutic and analgesic medications; and (2) improved prevention and treatment of gonadal steroid hormone-mediated pain and depression.

The Health & Cognition (THC) Lab


Carrie Cuttler
carrie.cuttler@wsu.edu
My lab focuses on the links between health and cognition. I am currently focused on examining links between cannabis use and mental health (e.g., depression, anxiety, OCD) as well as the effects of chronic cannabis use and different forms of exercise on cognitive functioning. More specifically, my current research projects focus on examining i) the links between stress and cannabis use, iii) the perceived efficacy of different strains of cannabis on the treatment of anxiety, depression, stress, and other medical conditions, iii) the influence of cannabis use (early vs. late onset, concentrate use vs. marijuana use) on cognitive functioning, iv) the effects of different forms of exercise (aerobic, resistance, yoga) on cognitive functioning.
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Adolescent Health & Wellness Lab


Jessica Fales
jessica.fales@wsu.edu
The Adolescent Health & Wellness Lab conducts high quality research in the areas of pediatric pain, social development, and positive psychology. Our current research efforts are primarily focused on the identification of social risk and protective factors associated with the chronic pain experience in adolescence. The ultimate goal of our research is to prevent the development of chronic pain problems in otherwise healthy youth and to help develop more effective treatments for adolescents with pain and their families.
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Attention, Perception & Performance Lab


Lisa R. Fournier
lfournier@wsu.edu
Our laboratory is currently investigating how selective attention operates and how attention modulates visual perception and motor performance as well as how prioritization of actions and demands on working memory affect perception and our ability to quickly and accurately execute motor actions.
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Infant Temperament Lab


Maria (Masha) Gartstein
gartstma@wsu.edu
The WSU Temperament Laboratory has been functioning since 2002, conducting projects that are focused on the evaluation of temperament development in early childhood. Specifically, growth in temperament characteristics across infancy, relationships with parent-child interactions factors, and attachment, are currently being examined. Cross-cultural differences in the development of temperament are also being investigated, in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Murcia in Spain and the State Research Institute of Physiology, in Novosibirsk, Russia. Longitudinal evaluations, following children into the preschool period are currently being planned. For example, infant temperament predictors of early behavior problems and psychopathology will be examined.

Behavioral Neuroscience Lab


Angela M. Henricks
angela.henricks@wsu.edu
Work in the lab uses rodent models to better understand the neurobiology of substance use and mental illness. We use translational approaches to identify neural circuits associated with addiction-related behavior and development, often in the context of co-occurring mental illness. Since males and females demonstrate different vulnerabilities to psychological disorders (e.g., addiction, depression, psychosis), and females have historically been understudied in preclinical research, we are particularly focused on understanding the neurobiological underpinnings of these sex differences. Our ultimate goal is to enhance translation of preclinical findings to clinical populations, and contribute to the development of personalized, effective therapies for substance use disorder and mental illness in women and men.
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Affective and Cognitive Influences of Decisions (ACID) Lab


John Hinson and Paul Whitney
hinson@wsu.edu
The primary objective of our research is to better understand how cold cognition (rational or deliberative processes) and hot cognition (affective or emotional processes) contribute to decision making. People often make decisions under suboptimal conditions, including conditions of distraction, information overload, or cognitive fatigue, leading to less than ideal decision outcomes. In laboratory studies we use cognitive or affective challenges, such as memory loads and divided attention tasks, to examine how these challenges constrain good decision making. These experimental manipulations are intended to capture important elements of real world challenges to decision making and allow us to better explain problems in decision making underlying difficulties in self-regulation.
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Adult Psychopathology Lab


David Marcus
david.marcus@wsu.edu
Much of our research on psychopathy has used Meehl’s taxometric method to examine whether psychopathy and related disorders (e.g., antisocial personality disorder, conduct disorder) exist along a continuum or are discrete, qualitatively distinct conditions. In other words, this research is interested in the question of whether there are “psychopaths” who are uniquely different from others or whether psychopathy is a dimensional construct. The lab is currently examining the behavioral correlates of psychopathic personality traits, such as the association between psychopathy and risky sexual behavior. Additionally, our research on health anxiety has focused on how dysfunctional beliefs and a ruminative cognitive style contribute to health anxiety and hypochondriasis.
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Neural Mechanisms of Pain Modulation


Michael Morgan
morgan@vancouver.wsu.edu
The analgesic effects of morphine and other opioids decrease with repeated administration. Our lab has shown that a brain structure known as the periaqueductal gray plays an important role in morphine analgesia and tolerance. Our current objective is to understand the neural mechanism within the periaqueductal gray that causes this change in morphine potency. These studies use in vitro electrophysiology and behavioral pharmacology to link molecular changes in cell signaling to behavior.
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Pedagogical Research Lab


Donelle “Dee” C. Posey
deeposey@wsu.edu
In my research, I focus on the effectiveness of instructional strategies and related student factors. My current interests include evaluating instructional strategies in Elementary Statistics in Psychology (Psych 311) as well as statistics anxiety. In my research and practice, I have two goals: 1) ease the anxiety that many students have coming into a statistics course, and 2) convey statistical concepts in a way that are relevant and interesting, and enduring.
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Coalition for Healthy and Equitable Workplaces


Tahira M. Probst
probst@vancouver.wsu.edu
While I am fascinated by many different areas of industrial/organizational psychology, my research over the past 15 years has largely focused on issues related to employee health, well-being and safety. In particular, I am interested in the topics of economic stress and job insecurity; accident under-reporting; and organizational safety climate and safety leadership behaviors. In addition, many of my research studies attempt to delineate the extent to which our findings generalize to other cultural contexts and to identify sociocultural variables that may explain any observed differences.
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Behavioral Pharmacology Lab


Raymond M. Quock
quockr@wsu.edu
Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy is breathing 100% pressurized oxygen for therapeutic purposes. HBO₂ actually originated in the 1600s but over the years has emerged as a recommended treatment for decompression sickness, carbon monoxide poisoning, and other conditions. For the past ten years, our laboratory has been describing and characterizing the varied pharmacological effects of HBO₂. Our research has suggested a relationship between HBO₂-induced antinociception and the endogenous opioid systems, and between HBO₂-induced antianxiety effects and brain GABA-benzodiazepine receptors. We identified the role of the biological regulator nitric oxide in the effects of HBO₂. HBO₂ therapy has been approved by the FDA for a limited set of clinical indications, although there are clinical reports that HBO₂ therapy appears to be effective in a broader range of conditions. Further research into the mechanisms of HBO₂ may contribute to expanding its potential clinical uses.
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Chronic Illness Lab


Karen Schmaling
karen.schmaling@wsu.edu
Our research focuses in two types of chronic illness, as well as their interactions: (1) the psychology of chronic illness (e.g., chronic fatigue, chronic pain syndromes such as fibromyalgia, asthma); and (2) descriptive and intervention research in chronic mental disorders (e.g., depressive disorders). In addition, we have a set of studies related to diversity science in higher education, i.e., differences in faculty behavior by gender and ethnicity; faculty perceptions of diversity; and the effects of policies to diversify the faculty.
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Neuropsychology and Aging Laboratory


Maureen Schmitter-Edgecombe
schmitter-e@wsu.edu
Aging and Dementia Neuropsychology:
The goal of this research program is to develop cognitive interventions that will help older individuals with progressive dementia (e.g., Alzheimer’s disease) delay functional disability and increase their quality-of-life. Participants in many of our studies are healthy older adults and early-stage dementia patients who complete standardized neuropsychological tests and cognitive experimental tasks that assess different cognitive skills (e.g., memory, problem-solving). We are currently investigating the relationship between memory deficits and everyday functional disabilities, and experimenting with a memory notebook and smart environment technologies to help persons with dementia compensate in their daily lives for declining memory.

Traumatic Brain Injury Neuropsychology Research Lab:
Difficulties with memory, attention and complex problem-solving are common cognitive problems that can occur after someone experiences a traumatic brain injury (TBI). By bridging basic science research with rehabilitation techniques, our work is designed to help persons with TBI overcome cognitive difficulties. Participants in our studies complete standardized neuropsychological tests and cognitive experimental tasks that assess many different types of cognitive abilities. In conjunction with St. Luke’s Rehabilitation Institute in Spokane, we are currently investigating the recovery process of several important cognitive abilities (e.g., time perception, prospective memory, focused and divided attention, and metamemorial abilities) following a TBI.
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Personality, Psychopathology, and Assessment Lab


Walt Scott
walter.scott@wsu.edu
Broadly, I am in interested in basic personality structures and processes (e.g., temperament, self-beliefs/schemata, goals, etc.), how to measure them, and how to understand their contributions to personality functioning and to clinical depression.
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Emotion and Social Development Lab


Paul Strand
pstrand@tricity.wsu.edu
Our research is concerned with the emotional and social skills development of children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. We are currently investigating what information is useful to counselors and educators who seek to improve outcomes for children at-risk for school failure and for juvenile justice system involvement. Also of interest to us, particularly in our work with preschoolers, is how emotion knowledge and social values develop and impact school adjustment.
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Personality and Affect Lab


Sarah L. Tragesser
stragesser@tricity.wsu.edu
In the Personality and Affect Lab, we focus on the personality and affective processes that contribute to a variety of behaviors including interpersonal behaviors and relationships, substance use and abuse, and cognitive processing of emotional stimuli. Our research methods include the use of questionnaires, neurocognitive (EEG, ERP) measures, and palm pilots, among others.
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Affective and Cognitive Influences of Decisions (ACID) Lab


Paul Whitney and John Hinson
pwhitney@wsu.edu
I am engaged in collaborative research in cognition and cognitive neuroscience that focuses on the role of working memory and affective processing in executive function and decision making. Our investigations have included studies of how risky decision making is affected by situational factors, particularly sleep deprivation, that can temporarily alter the integration of hit emotional and cold cognitive information